Large, fast growing, deciduous climber, fruit-plant (H 4-6 m, depands as well on staking, W 4-6 m). Bark light brown, later grey-brown, young shoots densely hairy. Leaves broadly ovate to round (15-20 cm), rough, mid green. Flowers simple (3-4 cm), cream white, only female flowers, needs a polinator. Flowering period: May-June. Fruits in loose racemes, light brown, densely hairy, ovate (5-7 cm), flesh light green, very tasty, sweet, juicy. Ripening time: October-November; fruits suitable for fresh use and processing, keep well during storage. Most varieties survive a normal winter in central-european continental climate; requires winter protection when young and in case of very low temperatures (below -15 °C). Requires deep, humus-rich, fertile, slightly acidic soils. disclaimer užitnost
Plants for destinctively sunny sites need and tolerate a lot of direct sun radiation (eg. roses, even more spurge (euphorbia myrsinites) , sea buckthorn, sedum, most of rock-garden plants, cactuses etc). Mostly, but not necessarily, these plants can also tolerate drought. Roses need more water and noursihments and rich, deep, fetile soil, while white stonecrop survives more weeks in dry soil without rain or watering and can grow normally in poor, sandy soil as well.
Decidious have woody stems (i. e. tree trunk and branches) and are also called woody plants or trees. Leaves are normally broad, soft and thin.
The plant develops new leaves or needles every spring, which dropp off in autumn. Herbaceous plants can die completely in above ground section and grow back in the spring.
Plant can in otherwise appropriate environment survive cold down to - 23 °C.
Porous or dry soils are normally light and loose, there is no stagnant water but relatively quickly flows in deeper layers; such ground are more airy and warmer, yet drier and usually contain less humus and for such undergrowth it is often to for drought to appear (e. g. rockgardens, walls, by paths and roads, on gravel, also on gravel surface in towns and close to buildings ...), plants of such undergrowth need well-drained soil, they tolerate drought but cannot tolerate constant moisture or even flooding.
Ripen, normally developed and healthy (without signs of diseas or pests) fruits may be consumed raw, unprocessed. Before consumation many fruits must be: cleaned, penducles and peel/shell or/and some inedible parts need to be removed. Ripeness goes out in several phases. Some fruits are only technologicaly ripen when picked, these have to be left hanged or softened (e. g. persimmon) for some time to gain the phase of edible ripeness. Durability and storage capacity of fruits can vary greatly, they depend on plant species and variety and external factors. Regarding edibility and/or healing power we are not liable, in this matter seek for professional guidance before consumation or usage.
A plant that requires support to grow in height. It can attac to support by special adhesive roots, or twist the stems around the support. We help them to climb with ropes or wires. Climbers may be woody or herbaceous, evergreen or deciduous, they also have different life cycles. Woody climbers are normally included in group of shrubs, the herbaceous ones on the other hand are grouped with annuals, biennials or perennials, according to their life cycles.